New Government Schemes are the key of Development program run by the various Government ministries.Each
year All the ministries of the Government of India launches new schemes and renews various existing schemes for the welfare and development of the society Recently Ministry of Rural Development is bringing up developmenal schemes.MRD is seriously working on the welfare of the people living in rural areas. An Indian Administrative Service officer is assumed to have progressive knowledge of all such schemes which are frequently launched and implemented by the Government.
It is a very known fact that during the selection process, UPSC usually includes many questions from the Government launched schemes and yojanas which are for welfare of society.
Here in this article we have kept our focus on the five key schemes which have been launched by the Ministry of Rural Development and also these schemes are important for the UPSC (CSE) Prelims Exam 2020.
National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)
NSAP is Centrally funded and promoted Scheme under the Ministry of Rural Development.
fulfillment of the DPSP in Article 41 of the Constitution.
provide financial assistance to the elderly, widows and persons with disabilities in the form of social pensions.
Coverage Area: It currently covers more than three crore people who are below the poverty line (BPL), including about 80 lakh widows, 10 lakh disabled and 2.2 crores elderly.
Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Gramin)
With a purpose of “Housing for All” in rural areas following which the Government shall provide an environmentally safe and secure pucca house to every rural household by 2022.
The house scheme is termed as Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Gramin), During the first phase of this PM awas Yojana, its target was to complete 1 crore houses by March 2019.
In this scheme the Minimum support of nearly Rs. 1.5 -1.6 lakh to a household is granted. There is also a provision of Bank loan up to Rs. 70,000/-, if the beneficiary needs.
Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM)
The SPMRM was started in 2016.This scheme is designed to develop the basic amenities and interventions to rural areas on the threshold of growth.
Following Provisions of basic amenities are under the scheme –
▪ Provisioned with 24/7 Water Supply to all house owners ,
▪ facilitating Solid and Liquid Waste Management facilities at the house and cluster level. Provision of Inter and Intra village roads –
▪ Adequate Street Lights and Public Transport facilities using green technologies. Provision of Economic Amenities –
▪ Various other prominent areas in the sectors of Agri Services and Processing, Tourism, and Skill development to promote Small and Medium Scale Enterprises.
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana
The Scheme is the part of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), ambitioned with the dual objectives of adding diversity and options to the Livelihoods of rural poor families and encourages the career aspirations of rural youth.
The scheme has dedicated focus on rural youth between the ages of 15 and 35 years from low income families.
The scheme has Mandatory coverage of socially disadvantaged groups (SC/ST 50%; Minority 15%; Women 33%).
Guaranteed Placement for at least 75% trained candidates
Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM)
The scheme is supported by the World Bank
and active across the country in all States and Union Territories (except Delhi and Chandigarh).
Basic motive is to organize the poor into Self Help Groups (SHGs) and convert them in capable of self-employment.
This schemes is also focuses on the bank linkage of the institutions.startups and small and medium enterprises at village levels are also supported and promoted under entrepreneurial activities.
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